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All-arthroscopic, Guideless Single Suture-button Fixation of Acute Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation: A Description of the Technique and Early Treatment Results
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow 2017;20:59-67
Published online June 30, 2017
© 2017 Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society.

Burak Altintas, Fatih Yildiz1, Gokcer Uzer1, Mehmet Kapicioglu1, Kerem Bilsel1

Sporthopaedicum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany, 1Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey
Correspondence to: Kerem Bilsel
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Bezmialem Vakif University, 34093, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey
Tel: +90-532-2918291, Fax: +90-212-4531700, E-mail: kbilsel@gmail.com
Received February 13, 2017; Revised April 19, 2017; Accepted April 23, 2017.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical and radiological results of the all-arthroscopic, suture-button fixation technique to treat acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint separations.
Methods: All patients with acute AC joint separations received all-arthroscopic, single suture-button (TightRope) procedure without a special guide. Postoperative Constant score (CS), pain level according to visual analogue scale, and range of motion (ROM) were evaluated. For radiological evaluation, coracoclavicular distances were measured bilaterally.
Results: Between December 2010 and June 2012, 18 consecutive patients (4 women and 14 men; mean age, 29.3 years) with acute AC joint separations underwent surgical treatment after 6.4 days (range, 2–20 days) following the initial trauma. The average postoperative follow-up was 16.9 months. The mean CS was 92.4 (range, 84–96). The mean external rotation, forward flexion, and abduction were 75.8째 (range, 50째–90째), 170째 (range, 150째–180째), and 163.8째 (range, 140째–180째), respectively. Five patients exhibited coracoclavicular ossifications. In two patients, superficial wound infections were successfully treated with antibiotic therapy. In one patient, a coracoid fracture was observed. No significant differences were found regarding pain, ROM, or strength parameters between both sides. The coracoclavicular distance was discovered to be approximately 2.8 mm greater on the affected side; however, this minimal reduction loss did not affect the functional results.
Conclusions: The findings of this study suggests that all-arthroscopic treatment of AC joint separations using the single suture-button technique without a drill guide is safe, yielding good to excellent clinical results.
Keywords : Acromioclavicular joint dislocation; Arthroscopic fixation; Suture-button fixation