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A Case Series of Symptomatic Distal Biceps Tendinopathy
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow 2018;21:213-219
Published online December 1, 2018
© 2018 Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society.

Jung Hyun Lee, Kyung Chul Kim, Ji-Ho Lee, Kee Baek Ahn, In Hyeok Rhyou

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Upper Extremity and Microsurgery Center, Pohang Semyeong Christianity Hospital, Pohang, Korea
Correspondence to: In Hyeok Rhyou
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Upper Extremity and Microsurgery Center, Pohang Semyeong Christianity Hospital, 351 Posco-daero, Nam-gu, Pohang 37816, Korea
Tel: +82-54-289-1765, Fax: +82-54-289-1766, E-mail: osdrrih@gmail.com, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9312-2952
IRB approval: Pohang Semyeong Christianity Hospital (No. PSMCHIRB-18-05).
Received June 16, 2018; Revised August 28, 2018; Accepted September 3, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Background: The study of conservative and surgical treatment of distal biceps tendinopathy and associated biceps tendon partial rupture.
Methods: Twenty-one cases with distal biceps tendonitis and partial ruptures were studied who visited Pohang Semyeong Christianity Hospital from June 2010 to August 2017. The mean age was 57.1 years (39–69 years), 14 males and 7 females. The mean duration of symptom at the time of first visit was 4.9 months (0.2–14 months). Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging were performed for patients with severe symptoms. According to the severity of the symptoms, splint immobilization, oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and ultrasound-guided steroid injection were performed. Surgical treatment was performed if the patient did not respond to conservative treatment for 3 to 6 months or longer.
Results: There were 9 cases of partial rupture of the distal biceps tendon associated with distal biceps tendinopathy on imaging studies. Conservative treatment showed symptomatic improvement in 16 of 21 cases. In 4 cases with a relatively mild symptom, anti-inflammatory analgesics and intermittent splinting showed good result. In 12 cases, symptoms improved after ultrasonography-guided steroid injection. Surgical treatment was performed on 5 cases that did not respond to conservative treatment.
Conclusions: Conservative treatment of distal biceps tendinopathy may promise good results. However, in case of partial tear of the distal biceps tendon and refractory to conservative treatment, surgical treatment may be needed.
Keywords : Biceps tendon; Partial tear; Tendinopathy; Magnetic resonance imaging; Surgery