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Clin Shoulder Elbow > Volume 13(1); 2010 > Article
Journal of the Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society 2010;13(1):20-26.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.1.020    Published online June 30, 2010.
The Analysis and Treatment of Rotator Cuff Tear After Shoulder Dislocation in Middle-Aged and Elderly Patients
Jong Hun Ji, Sang Eun Park, Young Yul Kim, Eun Su Shin, Bo Youn Park, Jae Jung Jeong
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea. drjj21@hanmail.net
중?장년층에서 견관절 탈구 후에 발생한 회전근 개 파열에 대한 분석과 치료
지종훈·박상은·김영율·신은수·박보연·정재중
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 대전성모병원 정형외과학교실
Abstract
PURPOSE
To evaluate clinical features and surgical results for rotator cuff tear secondary to shoulder dislocation in middle-aged and elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 19 patients over 50 years of age who had rotator cuff tears combined with shoulder dislocation between October 2004 and October 2008. There were 7 males and 12 females with a mean age 64.7 years (range, 50 to 78 years). The average follow-up duration was 22 months (range, 8 to 56 months). We investigated the number of dislocations, the size of the cuff tear, the presence of Bankart lesions and the time interval from dislocation to surgery. We also investigated the ASES score, UCLA score, SST score, and shoulder range of motion before and after surgery. We analyzed clinical outcomes and contributing factors.
RESULTS
ASES scores improved from 30.2 preoperatively to 72.3 postoperatively; UCLA scores improved from 12.9 to 26.5; SST scores improved from 2.4 to 7.3. Range of motion improved significantly: forward flexion, abduction, external rotation and internal rotation were, respectively, 110.8(+/-39.3)degrees, 107.7(+/-40)degrees, 22.5(+/-17.6)degrees and L5 level preoperatively; postoperatively they were 153.6(+/-20.6)degrees, 152.1(+/-20.8)degrees, 36.4(+/-22.7)degrees and L1 level. Age, the presence of Bankart lesions and the number of dislocations were not correlated with clinical outcomes. But the size of the cuff tear was correlated with clinical results. Also, the duration from dislocation to surgery was correlated with postoperative UCLA and SST scores (p=0.039, p=0.038).
CONCLUSION
For shoulder dislocation, it is important to achieve early diagnoses of rotator cuff tears in middle-aged and elderly patients. If these injuries are both present, early rotator cuff repair should be performed for better clinical results.
Key Words: Shoulder dislocation; Rotator cuff tear; Elderly


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