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Clin Shoulder Elbow > Volume 20(2); 2017 > Article
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow 2017;20(2):68-76.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5397/cise.2017.20.2.68    Published online June 30, 2017.
Do Knots Matter in Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior Lesions Repair?
Hyeon Jang Jeong, Ho Yun Joung, Dae Ha Kim, Sung Min Rhee, Seok Hoon Yang, Woo Kim, Joo Han Oh
1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea. ohjh1@snu.ac.kr
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wonkwang University Sanbon Hospital, Gunpo, Korea.
3Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nalgae Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Received: 1 September 2016   • Revised: 3 February 2017   • Accepted: 26 February 2017
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In general, the outcomes of arthroscopic repair for superior labrum anterior to posterior lesions (SLAP) are favorable, however, persistent pain and limitation of motion are not rare complications. One of the possible cause is a “knot-ache”. This study evaluated the results of reoperation of symptomatic recurrent SLAP lesions and asked whether the knot is associated with postoperative complications.
METHODS
Between 2005 and 2015, a total of 11 patients who had undergone arthroscopic SLAP repair were reoperated for recurrent symptomatic SLAP lesion. By retrospective chart review, operative findings, the visual analogue scale for pain (pVAS), the range of motion (ROM), and functional scores were analyzed.
RESULTS
The mean age of the study participants was 38.3 years, and the mean follow-up period was 42.5 months. In the primary operation, there were nine cases of repairs with conventional knot-tying anchors and three cases with knotless anchors. Impingement of the knots during abduction and external rotation of the shoulder was observed in the all cases with knot-tying anchors. The mean pVAS, ROM, and functional scores significantly improved with reoperation. At the final follow-up, the mean satisfaction VAS was 8.3.
CONCLUSIONS
The knots of suture anchor maybe a possible etiology of the pain, which we termed a “knot-ache”. Considering that reoperation is performed due to pain after primary repair, the use of knotless suture anchor may have benefits of eliminating one of possible cause, “knot-ache”. Therefore, authors suggest the use of knotless anchors during reoperation for recurrent or recalcitrant pain after primary SLAP repair.
Key Words: Arthroscopy; Postoperative complications; Reoperation; Suture anchors


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